Diabetic nephropathy is a serious kidney-related complication of type 1 diabetes and types 2 diabetes. It is also called diabetic kidney disease. About 25% of people with diabetes eventually develop kidney disease. Diabetic nephropathy affects the kidneys' ability to do their usual work of removing waste products and extra fluid from the body.
Healthy kidneys filter waste from the blood and hang on to the healthy components, including proteins such as albumin. Kidney damage can cause proteins to leak through the kidneys and exit the body in your urine. Albumin is one of the first proteins to leak when kidneys become damaged.
A urine microalbumin test is a test^-^ to detect very small levels of blood protein (albumin) in the urine, so the test is used to detect early signs of kidney damage in people who are at risk of developing kidney disease. The high levels of microalbumin in urine mean kidney damage or chronic kidney disease, the presence of microalbumin in urine can therefore be an important marker for cardiovascular and renal risk in diabetes mellitus.
Total Glycemic controls as HbA1c, Glycated Albumin, and Microalbumin could have a powerful impact to improve patient outcome and control the costs of diabetes.
The measurement of the markers directly linked to several of the most serious complications of diabetes. Those markers are a better reflection of the efficacy of treatment than other tests and also It has recently been shown to be an effective marker to screen for diabetes at an early stage. Moreover, If GA testing can be brought into widespread general use, it has the potential to bring about real and significant improvements in diabetes care.